Monday, July 18, 2016

Muhammad in Bible (Isaiah 42: 1-11)


“Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will bring justice to the nations. He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. In faithfulness he will bring forth justice; he will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his teaching the islands will put their hope. ”This is what God the Lord says—the Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out,  who spreads out the earth with all that springs from it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it: “I, the Lord, have called you in righteousness; I will take hold of your hand. I will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles, to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.“I am the Lord; that is my name! I will not yield my glory to another or my praise to idols. See, the former things have taken place, and new things I declare; before they spring into being I announce them to you.”Song of Praise to the Lord Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise from the ends of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that is in it,  you islands, and all who live in them. Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices; let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice. (New International Version)

  This verse was about a servant whom Allah chose to be his messenger. Later, with the revelation he received from his God, he would give admonition to his people. He would explain to all people about the law of God that must be upheld in the world.

   Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight;

   Every prophet was Allah's chosen servant. They were people who had been given excellence and virtue more than any other human. What makes them different with us were their piety and degree that couldn't be passed by other people. They were the messengers of Allah who had been given virtue such as revelation and nearness to Him. Therefore, they were called as the chosen ones or in Arabic by Al-Musthofa. In Holy Koran, similar verse also can be seen,

   "Say, [O Muhammad], “Praise be to Allah, and peace upon His servants whom He has chosen. Is Allah better or what they associate with Him?” (An-naml : 59)

   Muhammad was one of His chosen messengers. He had many features which other prophets didn't have. He was the last prophet. And he was also the fulfiller of all teachings that had ever been revealed to the prophets. All of the teachings which had been commanded to the prophets were summarized in his teaching.
   Among his miracle was Holy Koran which was sent down to him. This book was a holy book which had special feature than the previous books. It was explained inside all kinds of knowledge which related with the benefit for human race. And another feature was its authenticity which was protected from human hands (by altering). Whether he was Orientalist or Traditional, they all agreed with its authenticity.

   "Prophet Muhammad said: "I am the beloved of Allah (and not arrogant). I am the one who brings the flag "Praise" in the last day, which Adam is under me and whom after him (and not arrogant). I am the first one who will give help and whose help is accepted in the last day (and not arrogant). I am the first one who will move the door of heaven and Allah will open it for me and I am included together with the poor believers (and not arrogant). And I am the most respectable from the previous group and the last group in the side of Allah (and not arrogant). (HR. Tirmidzi)

   Then, the next verse said,

   I will put my Spirit on him, and he will bring justice to the nations.

   Proof of his prophethood was the deputation of Spirit (Gabriel) to him. He had a duty to send revelation from his God. With the revelation, he declared all kinds of his God's command to all human race in the world. Allah said in Holy Koran about the revelation which was sent down to Muhammad,

   It is not but a revelation revealed, Taught to him by one intense in strength (Gabriel)–One of soundness. And he rose to [his] true form (An-najm : 4-6)

   If we note thoroughly the bold words above, you will see that the chosen prophet was not sent to one nation. But, he was sent to all nations. He was sent to all people who lived in the world.
   Then, Allah gave the characteristic of His chosen prophet,

   He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets.

   He would not shout in the street and cry out loudly. He would not utter all words what he liked. His personality was shy and polite. This characteristic was appropriate with the Prophet Muhammad. He was a very shy person and didn't like to behave roughly. He never uttered all words what he liked. One of his companions said that he was a very shy person. If he didn't like something, he would not say as he liked, or speak roughly, or shout, but, he would restrain it and it looked on his face,

   Abu Said Al-Khudri said: "The Prophet Muhammad was a shy person than a virgin girl in her room. If he didn't like something we could know from his face."

   A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out

   He would not weaken the weak or break who had been broken. He would help them, listen their words, and stand sitting with them. The Prophet Muhammad was someone who was very protective towards the weak. It could be seen from his early followers, most of them were weak people (poor, destitute, or slaves). He always warned his people not to take their rights wrongly or not to oppress them. He protected their rights and kept them from injustice,

            Jabir said: I heard the Messenger of Allah said: "How could a society be respectable if the rights of the weak cannot be demanded from the strong (rich or have authority)." (riwayat Ibnu Hibban)

            The Prophet Muhammad had ever reprimanded someone who was whipping  his slave harshly,

   Abu Said Al Badri said: "I was whipping my young slave, then I heard man's voice who was calling me from behind. The man said: "Know it, O Aba Mas'ud". Indeed, I didn't know whose voice was that because in that time I was angry. When the man came near me, I knew who came was the Messenger of Allah. He said: "Know it O Aba Mas'ud, know it O Aba Mas'ud". Listening that words, I released my whip from my hand. He then said again: "Know it, O Aba Mas'ud, Allah was more able to act against you than your action against that young man". I spontaneously answered: "Yes the Messenger of God, I free him now because of Allah." The Messenger of God  said: "If you don't free him then the fire of hell will lick you". (HR. Muslim)

   In the pre Islamic time, the weak and the poor sometimes couldn't demand their rights when the rights were seized. They didn't have supporters and power just like the rich and the leader who had many supporters.
   When Islam came, all despotism and injustice were eliminated. All people, rich or poor, Arab or non Arab, had equal right before the law. All people could demand their rights to be given by claiming before the Judges (Al-Qadhi). Law was not anymore the right of one tribe or leader, but law was under Holy Koran and Sunnah.

   In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;

            He was a just leader. He was not partial in judging between the rich or the poor. With the mandate of leadership which was given to him, he would decide the case with fair. It was like what happened when there was a noble woman stealing, then her relative were confused and afraid if the woman's hand would be cut. Then, they faced the Prophet Muhammad so that the woman could be released. But, what happened then, the Prophet Muhammad was angry and gave a speech and said, "If my daughter stole, then I myself who would cut her hand". Imagine how firm he was in holding the principle of justice.

   "The Quraisy people were worried about the case of a Makhzum woman who stole. They said: "Who was brave to speak this matter with the Messenger of Allah?, They answered: "Is there anyone who is brave than Usama, the beloved young man of Messenger of Allah. Then, Usama spoke to the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah then said: "Do you ask help (to be lightened) in the law of Allah?. Then he stood up and gave a speech: "O human, verily what ruined the previous people was when there a noble person among them stole, then they would let him. But, if a weak (poor etc.) among them stole, then they would punish him. For the sake of Allah, if Fatimah daughter of Muhammad stole, I myself who would cut her hand." (Shahih Muslim)

   All praise to Allah, how just he was and how brave he was in declaring justice.
   Another proof of his justness was with the abundant people who faced him to decide their case. In that time, many people came to him so that he would judge them. They knew the Prophet Muhammad was a just person so that they asked him to judge their case. In fact, it was said in one narration, not only the Muslims who came to meet him, the Jews also had ever faced him to judge their case. This happened because they all knew the Prophet Muhammad was a very just person.

   he will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his teaching the islands will put their hope.

   Allah promised that His chosen prophet would not die except the mission was finished. He would finish his mission to uphold the treatise of God in the world. The unbelievers would not be able to stop his mission. He would not be discouraged, weakened, or falter. His mission would be successful and his teaching would spread to the entire world.
   This prophecy was proven with the mission which the Prophet Muhammad went through. He had finished his mission to uphold the commandment of Allah. Even though there were many unbelievers who didn't like his teaching and tried to fail him, but they all could not hinder his mission.
   All people, from Arabs to non Arabs, submitted and obeyed the teaching he gave. His mission was widespread to the entire world, traversing the lands, and crossing the far places. The unbelievers who envied with him couldn't stop his mission.

   till he establishes justice on earth. In his teaching the islands will put their hope.

   Allah said that His chosen prophet would be successful in performing his mission. The law which was given to him would be done by his followers. The law would also become foundation for many Kingdoms in the world. From Baghdad, Egypt, Istanbul, Damascus, Madinah until Persia, all of those caliphs had ever upheld the law of God based on Holy Koran and Sunnah. All countries which were visited by Islamic mission also hoped for its teaching. They were thirsty with the perfect Islamic teachings. The Prophet Muhammad had ever said that this religion would be widespread to the entire world,

   "This religion will spread as far as the distance which is reached by the night and daylight, with the respectability of the respectable and the baseness of the ignoble ; that is, respectability which by that Allah glorifies Islam and its followers, and debasement of the polytheism and its followers." (Al-Hadits)

   Then, another prophecy said,

   This is what God the Lord says—the Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out, who spreads out the earth with all that springs from it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it: “I, the Lord, have called you in righteousness; I will take hold of your hand. I will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles, to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.“I am the Lord; that is my name! I will not yield my glory to another or my praise to idols

   Allah, God who had created heaven and gave breath to human, said to them: Allah had sent a messenger who would save them from suffering. Messenger who was sent to all nations in the world. He would eradicate every kinds of arbitrariness which had for a long time oppressed them. He would come to expel them from the prisons of injustice. All idols and gods beside Allah would vanish from the earth. He would replace the worship of idol with monotheism.

   I will take hold of your hand. I will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles,

   Another similar verse also existed in Koran,

   And [mention, O Muhammad], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant.(Al-Ahzab : 7)

  a light for the Gentiles, to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.“I am the Lord; that is my name! I will not yield my glory to another or my praise to idols

   The prophet would become light for all human races. He would open the eyes which were closed from the radiance of faith. He would light them to the path of salvation. He would also help them from every kinds of oppression and injustice which for a long time seized their life.
   Allah said about Muhammad in sura Al-Ahzab,

   O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a Warner. And one who invites to Allah, by His permission, and an illuminating lamp.(Al-Ahzab:45-46)

   Please note this verse thoroughly. The coming of the prophesied prophet was not like the prophets who were sent beforehand. Every prophet was just sent to his own people (nation). Noah was sent to his people. Shaleh was sent to his Tamudae people. Moses and Jesus were sent to the Jewish people. But, the only prophet who was sent to all nations was the prophesied prophet.

   I am the Lord; that is my name! I will not yield my glory to another or my praise to idols

   The Arabian Peninsula, before the coming of the Prophet Muhammad, was the land of the idols worshippers. Each tribe has its own idols. But since his coming, all idols were destroyed. The fame and glory of idol were vanished by his coming.
   The meaning of to another were the Jews and the Christianity. This verse prophesied that later, the glory of both religions, would fade away slowly by the coming of Islam. Islam would be on-the-top religion. This religion would become righteousness which was believed by many people.

   See, the former things have taken place, and new things I declare; before they spring into being I announce them to you

   Then it was said that later, these prophesies would be proven. It is indeed so proven by the coming of Prophet Muhammad fourteen centuries ago. All of them were appropriate with the information we saw above.

   Song of Praise to the Lord  Sing to the Lord a new song,  his praise from the ends of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that is in it,  you islands, and all who live in them. Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices;  let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice.

   The verse above as if wanted to say to us to get ready to welcome his coming. Be ready and be prepared to welcome the Prophet because he would bring salvation to us.

   Song of Praise to the Lord  Sing to the Lord a new song,  his praise from the ends of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that is in it,  you islands, and all who live in them.

   The praise (song) and the pray which would be said by the prophet and his followers would not be same as the Jews and Christian did. They would praise him with a new way and with a more relaxing the heart. His followers would praise the God and pray from the farthest places of the earth and to the tip of the world. They were everywhere, they were many, and they were widespread.
   This prophecy was proven with the practice of Solah (ritual prayer) done by the Muslims. Solah is an act of devotion which was ordered by Allah to his prophet and the followers. This ritual prayer was different with the way of devotion which was done by the Jews and Christian. It was a new way of prayer which became the prophet's law.

   Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices; let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice.

   This verse implied that these places would become witness for the coming of the prophet. And yes, it's true, all places above were located and near with the place where Muhammad was born.
   Wilderness (while in another Bible version it was called by Desert) was a place where the children of Ishmael and his offspring stayed. And Kedar, as I mentioned in the previous prophecy, was the forefather of Quraisy, the tribe where Muhammad was born.











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