Monday, July 18, 2016

Muhammad in Bible (Isaiah 33: 17-23)


            Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off. Thine heart shall meditate terror. Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers? Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand. Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken. But there the glorious Lord will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby. For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; he will save us. Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey. (King James Version)

            The prophecy which will we read is about the coming of a King who would enter Jerusalem. He would come in his beauty and honor. That was he came with his commanders and troops. He would be seen by the inhabitants of Jerusalem who in that time were in the frightening situation. Because they had seen and experienced the horror of the attack and assault of King's troop. The nation was known as fierce (uncivilized) nation and didn't have high civilization as them (Byzantine or Christians).



            “Thine heart shall meditate terror. Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers?

            The meaning of the verse above was the inhabitant of Jerusalem experiencing the horror and fear which they had heard from other areas that had been subjugated by the King and his troops. As if they were completely sure that the troops would enter their city. So that they said where was he that wrote the news about the development of the event (besiege). Where were the delegates of the King who wanted to make agreement (surrendered or not). And did the King's troops count the towers of Jerusalem and smash the gates (fortress). Did they enter our city and defeat our troops.
            When they saw the King entered Jerusalem, he looked so honorable. As if he was the most meritorious and the most noble because he was the leader of the troops. He came with his beauty. That was he came with his commanders and troops.
            Then the prophet Isaiah said about the characteristic of the nation and the King,

            Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand

            The King and the nation who would enter Jerusalem were known as fierce people. In the meaning of they didn't have high civilization such as Byzantine and Persia. They were known as ignorant nation. Their second characteristic was their obscure accent. Their language was not really known in that time such as Greek, Hebrew, and Latin. Their third characteristic was they were illiterate nation. As I said before, prophecy was a sentence that had allegory meaning. This nation was called as stammering people. Stammering tongue was an allegory for illiterate. The illiterate people if were taught to read then they would read it with stammering.

            Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand

            Our attention was not just directed to that, but there was one thing more important than that. Please pay attention to the prophecy above. It was said that later the people who inhabited Jerusalem (Christian and Jew) would not see them as subordinate nation anymore. They would not see them as uncivilized nation. They would not see them as ignorant nation that couldn't read. On the contrary, they would see them as nation that made Jerusalem living in the faith of Allah. They would make Jerusalem as a worship place and as a holy place where Abrahamic religion resided.

            Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes there of shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords there of be broken

            Then it was said that later they wouldn't destroy Jerusalem when they came to that place. History had noted how the savagery of foreign nations that came there. They destroyed everything which they got inside. They ruined the worship places such as Solomon Temple and the other. They were Babylonian and Roman who came there to destroy the city.
            But not for the nation which was said in this prophecy, when they came there, they wouldn't ruin the worship places. They wouldn't loot the civilian's houses. And they wouldn't destroy the city by burning it just like what Babylonian and Roman did,

            “Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes there of shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords there of be broken

            Whereas, they were formerly known as fierce and illiterate nation. But not for this time and forever. They would come with respectability and exalted attitude.

            “But there the glorious Lord will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby.

           This prophecy said that Jerusalem, since their coming, would become a full of peacefulness city like streams. The city would be full of faith. The city would secrete its bless and become secured place for anyone. Whereas what it meant with galley and gallant ship were foreign nations. This prophecy said that the foreign nations which wanted to rule it would be unsuccessful as long as the King reigned.

            For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; he will save us.

            The next prophecy said that the King and his nation would make regulation and law based on Allah's commandment. They would make Allah as their judge in every matters. Because He was their God. They worshipped Him and made Him as Lawgiver in their business.

            Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail:

            What this verse meant was the Jews. In that time, they didn't have power and troops to rule Jerusalem. Their amount was small.

            "then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.

            Then, the next prophecy said that there would be many spoils which were divided. The King and the nation who had ruled Jerusalem subjugated many areas and lands. They had warred against troops, lands, and the very far places. As a result, they got abundant spoils even on account of that, the lame (slave) also got the spoils. It happened because they had warred in many areas as seen in the verse below,

            “Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.”

           
          The prophecy about Umar bin Khottob and his troops

            The prophecy which we just read was a great prophecy which would prove the truth of Islam. A great prophecy which would tell one of the most historical events in the history of the world. This prophecy was proven by what happened fourteen centuries ago. Yes, fourteen centuries ago when the Muslims had subjugated many countries under the command of the Caliph, Umar bin Khottob. In that time, the Muslims were people who just newly arose in the history of the world. After the death of Prophet Muhammad, the leadership was held by his successors. They stood following the prophet's message to keep sending the treatise (invitation to Islam) to all human races and invited them until they believed in Allah and his messenger.
            One of Caliphs who had made many subjugations was Umar bin Khottob. He was not just a leader who was known for his piety but also for his resoluteness. His resoluteness was equal with his unpretentious attitude and disliking luxury. He was Amirul Mukminin (Leader of the believers). The golden pen of Historians wrote him as a leader who became model along the age. Among his achievement was the subjugation of Syam (including Syria and Jerusalem) and the subjugation of Iraq and Iran. Two Kingdoms which were known as the world super power in that time were defeated in period which amazed many people. He was commendable in spreading Islam to the entire peninsula and in making Islam as religion on the top.
In his book Mahomet and His Successors, Washington Irving said about Umar,

"The whole history of Omar shows him to have been a man of great powers of mind, inflexible integrity, and rigid justice. He was, more than anyone else, the founder of the Islam empire; confirming and carrying out the inspirations of the prophet; aiding Abu Beker with his counsels during his brief caliphate; and establishing wise regulations for the strict administration of the law throughout the rapidly-extending bounds of the Moslem conquests. The rigid hand which he kept upon his most popular generals in the midst of their armies, and in the most distant scenes of their triumphs, gave signal evidence of his extraordinary capacity to rule. In the simplicity of his habits, and his contempt for all pomp and luxury, he emulated the example of the Prophet and Abu Beker. He endeavored incessantly to impress the merit and policy of the same in his letters to his generals. 'Beware,' he would say, 'of Persian luxury, both in food and raiment. Keep to the simple habits of your country, and Allah will continue you victorious; depart from them, and He will reverse your fortunes.' It was his strong conviction of the truth of this policy which made him so severe in punishing all ostentatious style and luxurious indulgence in his officers. Some of his ordinances do credit to his heart as well as his head. He forbade that any female captive who had borne a child should be sold as a slave. In his weekly distributions of the surplus money of his treasury he proportioned them to the wants, not the merits of the applicants. 'God,' said he, 'has bestowed the good things of this world to relieve our necessities, not to reward our virtues: those will be rewarded in another world."[1]

          The subjugation of Syam (Syria and Palestine) and the entry of Umar to Jerusalem

            When Umar was appointed as Caliph, he underwent the previous duties and subjugation which were done by the former Caliph. He ordered his troops to be ready to attack Persia. And after the deeper border of Persia was obtained, his attention went to Syria. Syria was area which consisted of  Palestine, Syria, and Jordan. This area was ruled by the Byzantine. They were Kingdom which made Christianity as state religion. Their central power was located in Byzantium. Because Jerusalem was their holy city, they also tried to rule it from other nations.
           History has written that the Muslims successfully expelled The Roman from peninsula and brought them back to Byzantium. They couldn't longer be able to rule Syria and around. Defeat by defeat which they accepted from the Muslims troops made their heart trembled.
            What will be our attention was the entry of Umar to Jerusalem. The Historians had written the event by their pens. Muslim Historians such as Tabari, Ibnu Katsir, and Ibnu Khaldun and the others had written this event. The entry of Umar to Jerusalem was a historical moment because he composed an agreement with Patriarch Sophronius which made tolerance of religious group more alive. Umar guaranteed the Christians to worship, guaranteed their churches not to be broken, and guaranteed their life and property right. He also allowed the Jews to live in Jerusalem again after previously banned by the Christians.[2]
The first prophecy said that later the inhabitant of Jerusalem would see a King coming with his beauty and splendor. That was he came with the escort of his troops and commanders. He came with an honor which made the people who saw him amazed,

          Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.

            One of the Kings who had ever entered Jerusalem was Umar bin Khottob. This event happened in 637 C.E. Umar came to Jerusalem with his commanders who successfully opened the city after besiege for six months. Among them were Khalid bin Walid, Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah, Amr bin Ash, and Yazid bin Abi Sufyan. They came to view the city and made it as one of Islamic occupations. One important thing, Jerusalem was a city that had strong gates in that time. Even it was said by Historians that it needed for six months to besiege the city until finally the Patriarch Sophronius, leader of the city, surrendered and decided to pay jizyah. Historian Waqidi said about the entry of Umar to there,

            "Umar entered Jerusalem by wearing a woolen which was patched by fourteen patches among them was animal leather. His companions said to him: "It's better for you to replace the camel by riding a horse and wearing a white dress". This suggestion was accepted by him, and he wore a small shawl from linen in his shoulder which was given by Abu Ubaidah, a load horse was prepared for him to ride. When he saw the horse, it went by canter and looked showing off, and he got down and said to his companions: "Forgive my sin, may Allah forgive your sin in the last day. Your leader was almost shattered because of arrogance and conceit entered his heart." He took off what he wore and wore again his patched dress". (Waqidi)[3]

            When arrived in Jerusalem, he was greeted by Patriarch Sophronius who became the leader of the Christians in that time. After talking some conversation, he then made an agreement with him. The agreement became foundation of concord between religions in Jerusalem and as evidence that Islam never forbade other people to worship.
            In that time, all people gazed upon him. He was like the most meritorious person in opening the city. He looked so admirable with his plainness.
            Let's see again the prophecy,

Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.

Then it was said that later the troops of the King would see the lands which were very far. They would subjugate the lands which they had never seen before, because the distance of those lands were very far from their own country.
            This prophecy was proven with the subjugation which was done in the time of Umar. Historians wrote that Umar bin Khottob had subjugated the lands which were very far from their own country in Madinah. From Antioch in the northwestern, Egypt in the west, Armenia in the north, until Merv in the east. Those countries were subjugated and becoming Islamic occupation.

Thine heart shall meditate terror. Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers?

This prophecy said that the situation of the Jerusalem inhabitant was in fear. They had known that the King and his troops had defeated the lands around Jerusalem. Therefore, they were fearful and said, did the delegates of the king and our mediator had done his duty? Were they that counted towers to smash the fortress had done? Where was the scribe that would write our agreement with the troops' commander?. They were frightened and fearful and always waiting for the upcoming news about the besiege.
            The Historians agreed that Umar's troops first freed and attack the countries around Jerusalem such as Ramlah, Gaza, Fihl, Acre, Ajnadain, and Tyre. And the last to come was Jerusalem.[4]
            Certainly, the feeling of Jerusalem inhabitant was in fear. They had heard the news about Islamic troops which had attacked those cities. They were fearful and afraid if the they were also attacked.
            Another cause which made Jerusalem inhabitant feared in that time was because they had been besieged for six months. The Islamic troops stood trying to smash the fortress and doing several efforts until finally their leader surrendered and opened the gate for the Islamic troops.
            The inhabitant of Jerusalem in that time were guessing whether they would be killed, captivated, or maybe looted. They were afraid that they would be befallen with calamity. They were afraid if the Islamic troops entered their houses and killed them brutally. But, that would not happen. There was no one who would be killed.

            Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand

            And we will get the proof in this prophecy. In this prophecy we will be sure that this prophecy was nothing but for Umar bin Khottob and his troops.
            This prophecy said that later, the people who saw the King and his troops, would not see them again as fierce nation that didn't know the value of humanity. They used to know this nation as ignorant nation that couldn't read. The nation that they used to mock because of their civilization which was not high as them.  But not for this time.
           They came with high honor and respectability. They came as nation that could read and had a reading habit. They came with a holy mission. They came not to loot their property and destroy their city.
            We see how Umar and his troops freed Syam and around not to loot their property or to kill them brutally. They came to them merely because of mission and Allah's command in order they believed with Allah and his Messenger.
            They didn't came as barbaric fierce nation which, if attacking a country, destroying anything they saw. They came with the attitude and honor of man which had been taught by Prophet Muhammad. They came with command not to war brutally and not to kill children, women, and weak people. Was there blood which was shed, the killed men, or the ruined church when Umar came there?. Nothing. There was no any human they killed when they went there.
            Just compare to the nations who had ever come there such as Babylonian and Roman. They killed many people and destroyed everything they saw. They ruined the worship places. Also compare to the Crusaders who came there not only with genuine intention but also with savagery. History had seen how barbaric and cruel were the crusaders when they went there. They slaughtered everyone they saw in Jerusalem in that time.

            Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand

            The Arabs before Islam were known as illiterate nation. They were sometimes mocked by the Roman and Persian because of their civilization was not high as both Kingdom. In Koran, it was said how some Jews and Christians called the Arabs with illiterate,

            “Among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is he who, if entrusted with a Cantar (a great amount of wealth, etc.), will readily pay it back; and among them there is he who, if entrusted with a single silver coin, will not repay it unless you constantly stand demanding, because they say:"There is no blame on us to betray and take the properties of the illiterates (Arabs)." But they tell a lie against Allah while they know it."(Ali Imron:75)

            It was also said that Muhammad was sent to the illiterate people,

            "It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom–although they were before in clear error" (Al-Jumuah:2)

            But, when they came to Jerusalem, the condition had changed. They had been able to read. They came with a holy book which guided them to read. Whereas, formerly, they were known as illiterate nation. But when Prophet Muhammad came, the Muslims were touched to learn Koran and the reading habit was widespread.
            The Muslims in that time were people who had changed from ignorant mindset and habit. They embraced Islam and accepted its teaching. They were accustomed to read because of the book they received. They came with dignity and as respectable nation. They also didn't come as illiterate nation. They had received a holy book from Prophet Muhammad that guided them to read. They read and stand reading it so that making them fluent.

            “Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes there of shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords there of be broken

            The meaning of the Tabernacle above was the place where Al-Aqsho Mosque and Solomon Temple resided. This verse prophesied that when the King came to Jerusalem, the holy place would not be broken. They wouldn't ruin the holy place as Babylonian and Roman that ruined it by burning Solomon Temple. They wouldn't ruined it. On the contrary, the holy place would be kept and protected.
            This prophecy was also in accordance by what happened in that time. The Islamic troops didn't ruin the temple just like what Roman and Babylonian did. On the contrary, a mosque was built in that place. It was a sign of the holiness of intention of Umar and his troops. They came not to damage but to make it a holy city.
            Since Islam came in Jerusalem, the city became a secured city. Secured from other nations that wanted to rule it. The city became full of peacefulness and tranquility. If compare to other rulers who had ever ruled over it, then Islam is the best. Islam never made any regulation which was contradictory to the concord of religion. The Islamic government never applied the law which forbade other people to worship.
            Just Compare when the city was owned by other nations. They upheld regulations which sometimes caused riots. As a result, it happened several riots and turbulence which disturbed the peacefulness of the city.
            Just like what happened when the city was owned by the Zionist. We often see riots and turbulence which disturbed the peacefulness of the city. We often see the riots happened around and inside Al-Aqsho Mosque. Whereas, the mosque was a holy mosque of the Muslims which should be protected.

            But there the glorious LORD will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby. {of … :  in Hebrew : broad of spaces, or, hands }

You may see a small note above. It was said that the city would be like a broad of spaces. This was allegory which meant that when the King and his troops had ruled over Jerusalem, the city would be very secured and peaceful for many people. The city would be lived by many people and they would live in peace. It happened because the Ruler kept the city with security and peacefulness.
            This prophecy was proven by what Umar did in that time. When he arrived there, he guaranteed the Christians to worship without needed to be afraid of ban from other people. Their churches and houses were protected. He also allowed the Jews to live in Jerusalem again after previously banned by the Christians. In that time, the Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived with coexistence and respecting each other. There was no conflict or clash between them. In that time, Jerusalem became city which was lived in peacefulness and blessing.
And it was also said that there would not be gallant ships coming there. The meaning of gallant ships were foreign nations who wanted to rule it. They would not come there again to rule Jerusalem and they would not be brave to come there.
When Islam was successful to rule the city, the situation became secured and tranquil. The city became a holy place where three Abrahamic religions resided. In that city, the majesty of God was seen.

For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; he will save us.

The next prophecy said that later, the applied regulation in the city was the Law of God. It also became reality by the establishment of Islamic law when the city was owned by it. Islam is a perfect religion. Among its perfection was the upholding of law which must be done by the government.
When Jerusalem was ruled by Islam, the Islamic law was upheld in the city. Islamic law was regulation which was based on Holy Koran and Sunnah. The law was not made by human but based on Allah's command.

Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail:

This prophecy was for the Jews. It was said that in that time, they had no power or troops to rule Jerusalem.
In that time, the Jews had no power or troops to rule over Jerusalem. Their amount was too small. On the contrary, Islamic people had great population and they had many troops.

            then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.

            And the next prophecy said that there would be many spoils divided. This prophecy was also appropriate by happened in that time. The Islamic troops had warred against two great Kingdoms such as Persia and Byzantine and they won against them. They had also subjugated many lands. As a result, they got abundant spoils.
           This prophecy was merely for the Islamic troops and not for the Israelites. Because it was explicitly said that the King and his troops divided many spoils. In their teaching (Judaism), they were not allowed to take spoils in war.











[1] Wikipeda : Umar bin Khottob
[2] Wikipedia : Umar bin Khottob
[3] Muhammad Husain Haikal, 2009, Umar bin Khattab, Pustaka Litera AntarNusa, Bogor.

[4] Muhammad Husain Haikal, 2009, Umar bin Khattab, Pustaka Litera AntarNusa, Bogor.

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