Monday, July 18, 2016

Muhammad in Bible (Isaiah 21:13-17)

   
"The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled. For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war. For thus hath the LORD said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it."(King James Version)

   This prophecy was given by Allah to prophet Isaiah. Prophet Isaiah was a messenger who lived around 8 BC.
   The prophecy informed that there would be exiles who came to Tema. Tema, Teman, or Tayma is a large oasis with a long history of settlement, located in northwestern Saudi Arabia at the point where the trade route between Yathrib ( Medina) and Dumah (al-Jawf ) begins to cross the Nefud desert. Tayma is located 264 km southeast of the city of Tabouk , and about 400 km north of Medina. The location was next to Madinah. Maybe in the ancient time, Madinah was still one area with Tema. Both places are oases in the desert of Arabia. We may be able to identify Madinah with Tema.
            The prophecy said that there would be people who escaped from the threat of sword and atrocity which befell upon them. As if Allah wanted to say to the inhabitant of Tema to give life guarantee and protection to those people.
   Then, Allah said that the people who threatened the exiles would lost their position. They would be weak and no longer be able to threatened the exiles.

            The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.      

            Dedan or Didanite was an ancient Arab tribe that lived in Arabian peninsula. Their Kingdom was called Lihyan. The Scholars said that they were the descendant of Ishmael.

   The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty ,they prevented with their bread him that fled.

   Allah said to the inhabitant of Tema : welcome the exiles who came to your land. Give them guarantee and protection. Embrace them and keep them.
   The prophecy said that there would be exiles who came there. Then Allah asked them to welcome the exiles kindly.
   If compare with the event of Muhammad's migration to Madinah, then it would became a proven prophecy. It was said by the Historians, when the unbelievers had no effort again to hinder Muhammad's propagation, they decided to killed him. Each of tribes sent a strong young person by bringing his swords to Muhammad's house. They must kill him together so that his family would not be able to demand punishment (revenge). Because, how could they demand punishment if the killer was coming from every tribe. They believed only by killing Muhammad that they would be relaxed. They would worship their idols again without anyone who warned them.
   But, as the man proposed the best plan, Allah himself who decided. They didn't realize that Allah had known their despicable plan more than themselves. Then Allah commanded his messenger with one of his companions to just migrate to Madinah. Muhammad then asked Ali, his companion, to sleep in his room so that they would think Muhammad was still in his house. That night Muhammad migrated to Madinah by passing different route.
   The unbelievers came to his house by bringing swords. But, how surprised it was, when the person they saw was Ali. They became angry and remorseful for what just happening. This event became the last failure which lost their heart.
Most followers of Muhammad had migrated to Madinah before him. They had first come to there as commanded by Muhammad. The main reason of the migration to Madinah is because the aggravation and tribulation they got from the infidels of Quraisy.

   For they fled from the swords , from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.

   They escaped from the hardness of torture of the unbelievers. They were tormented, boycotted, and insulted because of their faith to Allah. Until the last was their plan to kill the prophet together.

   For thus hath the LORD said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.

   Allah promised that the people who tormented the exiles would lose their position. They would not be able to torture and intimidate the exiles. They would not be able disturb their true faith.
   If we note, it was said that people who threatened the exiles were descendant of Kedar. Kedar was one of Ishmael's sons. It was said in Genesis that Ishmael had twelve sons. Each of them became forefather of their offspring. The offspring became people or tribe that lived in their own areas. And every areas were named by their names,

   "And these were the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadar, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah These were the sons of Ishmael and these were their names, by their towns and their settlements, twelve princes according to their nations". (Genesis : 25:13-17)

   Ibnu Katsir (Trusted Muslim Interpreter) and some Scholars said that Kedar was the forefather of Quraisy people. Quraisy were the descendant of Kedar bin Ishmael who lived in Mecca. So, this prophecy was true, Quraisy were people who tortured the followers of Muhammad. They tortured and tormented his followers. As a result, they escaped to Madinah and lived there.

   For thus hath the LORD said un to me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.

   This prophecy was proven with the defeat and decline of Quraisy since the migration of Muslims. Since Muhammad and his followers migrated to Madinah, their condition became better. They were welcomed by the indigenous with hospitality and kindness. Each of them even became brother of Madinah people. And since then, the invulnerability of Quraisy became weak. Their effort to defeat Muhammad and his followers lead into failure, from the defeat in Badr war until Ahzab war. And finally, they surrendered when Muhammad opened Mecca with his ten thousand followers. The inhabitant of Mecca who previously rejected him and insulted him now believed in him. They submitted and surrendered.











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