Monday, July 18, 2016

Muhammad in Bible (Deuteronomy 18 : 18-20)

I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him. But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die. (New King James Version)

In this verse, Allah said that later, He would send a prophet who was coming from the brethren of Israel. Allah didn't mentioned the tribe or the offspring of the Israel tribes. Because if Allah intended to send a prophet from the offspring of Israel, maybe the designation would be directly to Israel. But, what the verse indicated was their brethren. Who was the brethren of Israel? Is he Joseph, Benjamin, or who?.
What the verse meant brethren was brethren who was also coming from the offspring of Abraham. That was Jacob (Israel) son of Isaac son of Abraham. This Assumption was emphasized by the meaning of brethren that could be seen in Hebrew Dictionary of the Bible. Among the meaning of brethren was “personification of a group of tribes who were regarded as near kinsmen of the Israelites[1].” People who have kinsmen relation with Israel were the Arabs. The Arabs were the offspring of Ishmael who was also the son of Abraham, the patriarch of Israelites.
As we know, Abraham had another son beside Isaac whose name was Ishmael. Ishmael was a son who was born from his wife Hagar. She was a gift of Egypt King to Abraham. In the book of Genesis, it was said that Ishmael and Hagar were left by Abraham in a place name Paran (Mecca),

And God heard the voice of the lad. Then the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said to her, “What ails you, Hagar? Fear not, for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad and hold him with your hand, for I will make him a great nation.” (Genesis: 21:17-19)

Abraham had also prayed to Allah to send a prophet from the offspring of Ishmael,

"Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (Al-Baqoroh : 127-129)

The Prophet Muhammad was the offspring of Ishmael. Ishmael was the kinsman of Isaac. And Isaac was the father of Jacob. And Jacob was the forefather of the Israelites. And so, what the verse meant their brethren were the Arabs. There would come from his offspring a prophet who had blood relation from their forefather.
   Then, Allah said that the prophet would have the same position or degree as Moses,

I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee,

That was as thee, Moses. Moses was a prophet whom Allah sent to Israel. Moses was given a book named Torah. The book consisted of God's commands and prohibitions which detailed every kind of affair of the world. It was said that the promised prophet would have similarities just like Moses.
Prophet Muhammad also had similarities with Moses. There were three main similarities between Moses and Muhammad:

§  Moses was sent with a new holy book named Torah which explained general and detailed things. And Muhammad was also sent with a new holy book named holy Koran which also explained general and detailed things. Both books also had similarity of command and prohibition which the central tenet was monotheism.
§  Moses was chosen and made as a leader by his people. The leader what it meant was he had complete authority to all of his people and had a right to punish them with capital punishment. Same like Moses, Muhammad also had complete authority to all of his people and had a right to punish them with capital punishment. He was also given authority to judge, command, ask war, uphold law and organize the relation between communities in Madinah.
§  Another similarity was by the same command and prohibition in both books. If Torah commanded to worship Allah, the Koran also did. If Torah forbade killing innocent people, the Koran also did. If Torah forbade usury, the Koran also did. And there were several other similarities between both books such as The ten commandment and the stories of the prophets for Israelites which shared same narration with Koran.
Both of them are messengers of God whom Allah sent. The difference was Moses was only sent to Israel whereas, Muhammad was sent to all nations. That's why it was said I will raise them up a Prophet. It means he was also sent to Israelites.
   What makes us more convinced with it was with the abundance of verses in Holy Koran which narrated the journey of Moses' mission which happened in the society of Israel. Moreover, Moses was sent to his people in the time when there had never been a prophet before him, Allah sent Moses as the first prophet for the Israelites. And also for Muhammad's people, there had never been a prophet except him, he was the first prophet for them.

          And will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.

            Then, the next verse said that Allah would put his words to his chosen prophet so that he could propagate them. Allah would send Gabriel to him as He sent to the previous prophets.
It was like what Allah said in sura An-najm,

            It is not but a revelation revealed, Taught to him by one intense in strength (Gabriel)–One of soundness. And he rose to [his] true form (An-najm : 4-6)

            What the prophet said would justify everything which was written in the previous books. It was as affirmation of what the prophet said was not falsehood or self claimant. All of what he said was revelation which was given to him. He would not say anything except what his God commanded.
            See what Allah had said with the tongue of his messenger, Muhammad, there was not contradiction with the teachings of the previous prophets. From monotheism to the laws which contained command and prohibition, if Torah forbade usury then Holy Koran did the same, if Torah forbade worship to god other than Allah then Holy Koran did the same, if Torah forbade killing innocent people then Holy Koran did the same, and if Torah forbade idol worship, Holy Koran also did the same.

            That whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.   

             The verse above was a warning to anyone who didn't believe with the prophet. Why would Allah demand them?, the answer was simple, it was because they actually knew the prophet. They knew his characteristic and teachings. They realized what the prophet brought was same with the  teaching of Jesus and Moses but they didn't believe in him. Therefore, Allah would demand them in the judgment day.
            Then Allah said who should be followed and called as a prophet,

            But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.

            If compare with the verse above, the Prophet Muhammad had passed the requirements.
A prophet would be judged his claim and teaching with two things. First, all what he said were the words of God. He would not say according to his own desire. Secondly, he would not command his people to worship god other than Allah. He would command them to worship Allah and leave all gods beside him.
            Muhammad never claimed himself to be a prophet. But, he himself who was chosen and called by Allah to propagate to his people. He was not born from priesthood family which may make him interested in the stories of the prophet so that made him wanted to become a prophet. He was also not versed in writing and reading so that he was able to learn the holy books.
He was illiterate. It became a proof that all what he said was from Allah. How could an illiterate person know the stories of the prophets. How could he say the story of Moses when he propagated his faith to Pharaoh. How could he say the story of Jesus when he gave many miracles. How could he say the story of Jesus' followers named Ashabul Kahfi (Seven Sleepers) when they escaped their faith from the cruel polytheist leader. Was it possible for illiterate person to tell these amazing and true stories?.
Until now, no one could make a book like Holy Koran even a letter. The language of Koran was godlike language so that man would not be able to create as the Koran. The language of Koran had influenced on every Arabic literature whether it was modern or traditional. Was it possible for an illiterate to write a beautiful book like Koran?.
Before Muhammad called by Allah to be a prophet, he was an ordinary person in general. But, he had something special in personality and heart. He was not like the people of his period who worshipped idols. He also liked to seclude himself in a lonely place so that it made his personality to love the truth.
            Then, the next sign was like what the verse below said,

            Or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.

            Proof that a prophet was really sent by Allah was monotheism. A prophet would never ask his people to worship gods other than Allah. He would call them to worship Allah the one God. Because that was the teaching of the prophets. Their central tenet was worship to only Allah and leave gods other than Him.
            Prophet Muhammad had passed the second requirement of a prophet. He brought the most important principle of his message that was Tauhid (monotheism). He commanded his people to worship Allah. He also forbade them to ask help and protection other than Allah. All of their deeds were intended to only Allah.
            He had passed two requirements of prophethood. By this, there was no doubt for us that the supposed prophet in this prophecy was Muhammad.










[1] Al-Kadhi, Mishaal, 1995, what did Jesus really say, United States

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